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Boorda, statement at a meeting of the Naval & Maritime Correspondents Circle, Washington, D.C. 27 Feb 1995, "Quieter Soviet subs cost U.S. at least $30 billion", Navy News & Undersea Technology (14 March 1988), List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes, "The Ship Day to be celebrated at SSN Kuzbass", "Typhoon (Akula) class (Project 941/941U) (Russian Federation) - Jane's Fighting Ships", "Armament "MGK-500" automated sonar complex", "Armament "MGK-540" automated sonar complex", "Russian-built nuclear submarine joins Indian navy", http://www.deepstorm.ru/DeepStorm.files/45-92/nts/971/K-154/K-154.htm, "Russian Subs Patrolling Off East Coast of U.S.", "Pentagon: Russian subs no cause for alarm", "Pentagon Denies Russian Sub Patrolled Gulf of Mexico", http://www.deepstorm.ru/DeepStorm.files/45-92/nts/971/K-335/K-335.htm, http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=14570, http://www.deepstorm.ru/DeepStorm.files/on_1992/971/266/266.htm, http://www.deepstorm.ru/DeepStorm.files/45-92/nts/971/k317/k317.htm, "Reports of Russian sub in gulf downplayed", https://structure.mil.ru/structure/forces/navy/news/more.htm?id=11676214@egNews, "Индия возьмет у России в аренду атомную подлодку "Кашалот, "Бесшумные "Суперакулы" вооружили "Калибрами" - Новости - Известия - 28.04.2017", "Шойгу потребовал изменить порядок финансирования ремонта на флоте", "Две АПЛ доставят с ТОФ в Северодвинск для модернизации", "Плановый срок ремонта АПЛ серии "Щука-Б" составит не менее 3 лет", "Cruise-Missile Carrying 'Supershark' Nuclear Sub to Join Russian Navy in 2018", "Подводная лодка К-154, "Тигр". The Soviet leadership decided it needed a submarine of its own to respond to the looming threat, and the Akula class was born. Because the Akulas carried only twenty missiles to the twenty-four missiles of the Ohio class, each Soviet missile had to carry more nuclear warheads than the American Trident C-4. Submarines Nerpa and Iribis (not completed) have a different rescue chamber in the sail,[citation needed] which can be distinguished by the large dome on the top surface. To accommodate this increase in range, Soviet SLBMs were substantially larger and heavier than their American counterparts (the R-39 Rif is more than twice as heavy as the UGM-96 Trident I; it remains the heaviest SLBM to have been in service worldwide). All the R-39 missiles have been retired. Withdrawn from active service in June 1999, scrapped with the financial support of the U.S. Withdrawn from active service in 1996, scrapped 2006–2008, Withdrawn from active service in 1997, scrapped 2007–2009, 33,800–48,000 t (33,270–47,240 long tons) submerged, 2 × VV-type steam turbines, 37 MW (49,600 hp) each. The Soviet Union had gotten wind of the U.S. Navy’s impending Ohio-class fleet ballistic-missile submarines, which would be 564 feet long and pack 192 nuclear warheads. [70][71], An Akula-class submarine during the Russian Navy Day in 2009, This article is about the Soviet/Russian submarine class with NATO reporting name "Akula". Typhoon-class submarines feature multiple pressure hulls, similar to the World War II Japanese I-400-class submarine, that simplifies internal design while making the vessel much wider than a normal submarine. A single R-39 packed ten one-hundred-kiloton warheads, each independently targetable so that a single missile could strike ten different targets within reasonably close range of one another. 'pike', NATO reporting name Akula) are a series of nuclear-powered attack submarines (SSNs) first deployed by the Soviet Navy in 1986. [64] Chakra was officially commissioned into the Indian Navy on April 4, 2012.[65][66]. Another result was the development of a new nuclear-tipped missile with a long enough range to strike the the United States from arctic bastions. [12] All were retrofitted with the SOKS hydrodynamic sensors. Class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, This article is about the Soviet/Russian submarine class with. The submarine itself did not sustain any serious damage and there was no release of radiation. It was leased to India and commissioned by the Indian Navy as INS Chakra II in April 2012.[21]. The source of the NATOreporting name remains unclear, although … The decision about its dismantling still has not been made. Bratsk and subsequent submarines have reactor coolant scoops similar to the short ones on the Oscar IIs (the Typhoon, Akula and Oscar classes use the similar OK-650 reactor). [32] This boat is TK-13, which was scrapped over the time period 2007–2009. The sub was not affected and was returning to Severodvinsk base submerged. [59] On 8 November 2008, while conducting one of these trials, an accidental activation of the halon-based fire-extinguishing system took place in the fore section of the vessel. These submarines are much quieter than early Akula-class submarines and all have the SOKS hydrodynamic sensors except Leopard. [5], The Russian Navy cancelled its Typhoon modernization program in March 2012, stating that modernizing one Typhoon would be as expensive as building two new Borei-class submarines. This allows more freedom in the design of the exterior hull shape, resulting in a submarine with more reserve buoyancy than its western analogs. [69], On 7 March 2019, India and Russia signed a $3 billion deal for lease of another Akula-class nuclear-powered attack submarine. However, according to other sources at the Russian defence ministry, no such decision has been made; in that case, the submarines would remain with the Russian Navy. Kyle Mizokami is a defense and national-security writer based in San Francisco who has appeared in the Diplomat, Foreign Policy, War is Boring and the Daily Beast. [34], On 27 October 2008, it was reported that K-152 Nerpa of the Russian Pacific Fleet had begun her sea trials in the Sea of Japan before handover under a lease agreement to the Indian Navy. Named after sharks, these Cold War leviathans could devastate up to two hundred targets with warheads six times as powerful as those that exploded over Hiroshima. [15] K-157 Vepr became the first Russian submarine that was quieter than the latest U.S. attack submarines of that time, which was the improved Los Angeles class (SSN 751 and later). The K-335 Gepard is the 14th submarine of the class and the only completed Akula III (see the table below) built for the Russian Navy. In 2008 National Geographic released a documentary about the scrapping of one of the Typhoons in the series Break It Down. 1991 refit cancelled. The Typhoon is capable of traveling at 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph) underwater. These torpedo tubes are arranged in two rows of four tubes each. [68], In January 2015, it was reported that India was involved in negotiations involving the leasing of the Kashalot and the Iribis. This also greatly increases their survivability – even if one pressure hull is breached, the crew members in the other are safe and there is less potential for flooding. Gepard (Cheetah), launched 1999 and was commissioned 5 December 2001, and Nerpa, laid down in 1993,[2] began sea trials in October 2008. As with many Soviet/Russian craft, information on the status of the Akula-class submarines is sparse, at best. [28] The other submarine could have been K-154 Tigr under the command of captain E. A. Petrov, given that it performed a combat patrol sometime between March and November 2009. They have a different arrangement of limber holes on the outer hull than Akula Is. The Akula Class is a nuclear-powered attack submarine with a submerged displacement of 13,800t. The Akulas were designed to launch their missiles from relatively close to the Soviet Union, allowing them to operate north of the Arctic Circle, where Soviet air and naval forces could protect them. [10], In the early 1990s, there were also proposals to rebuild some of the Typhoon-class submarines to submarine cargo vessels for shipping oil, gas and cargo under polar ice to Russia's far flung northern territories. 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Active, after overhaul and modernization completed in 2015, Not completed, the hull section was used in the construction of, Active, has been leased to India from the end 2012 to 2022, 110.3 m (362 ft) for Akula I and Akula I Improved, 113.3 m (372 ft) for Akula II and Akula III, 28–35 knots (52–65 km/h; 32–40 mph) submerged, 4 × 533 mm torpedo tubes (28 torpedoes) and 4 × 650 mm torpedo tubes (12 torpedoes). They will be TK-17 Arkhangelsk and TK-20 Severstal. K-322 Kashalot and K-480 Bars [currently Ak Bars] are in reserve.