The balsam fir grows to a height of 45–75' and a spread of 20–25' at maturity. Balsam Fir – Abies Balsamea. Many botanists consider Fraser fir (Abies fraseri), which occurs further south in the Appalachian mountains, closely related to Abies balsamea (balsam fir) and has occasionally been treated as a subspecies. [18], The Native Americans used it for a variety of medicinal purposes.[19]. Indiana It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [17], Prior to the availability of foam rubber and air mattresses, balsam fir boughs were a preferred mattress in places where trees greatly outnumbered campers. There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. While the tree is young, water it weekly in the absence of rain. The hassle-free tree is designed with 6,527 branch tips that produce a lush, realistic appearance. The male organs contain microsporangia which divide to form sporogenous tissue, composed of cells which become archesporial cells.

Product Title Vickerman Frosted Balsam Fir Christmas Tree. This tree grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year.

This tree is a major food for moose, American red squirrels, crossbills and chickadees, as well as shelter for moose, snowshoe hares, white-tailed deer, ruffed grouse and other small mammals and songbirds.

The tree is a conifer and the lineal taxonomy is Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill. DNR RESPONSE TO COVID-19: For details on adjustments to DNR services, visit this webpage.

Its symmetrical spire-like crown, shining dark green color, and spicy fragrance have made it a favorite Christmas tree for hundreds of years.

The species thrives in cooler climates and demands abundant soil moisture and a humid atmosphere. When the microspores undergo meiosis in the spring, four haploid microspores are produced which eventually become pollen grains. [9], The balsam fir is the preferred main host of the eastern spruce budworm, which is a major destructive pest throughout the eastern United States and Canada.



Propagation via tissue culture has been attempted but not on a large scale. Balsam fir oil is an EPA approved nontoxic rodent repellent. They have a dark-green appearance, long-lasting needles, and attractive form. It normally grows to a maximum height of 70 feet and can live at sea levels up to 6,000 feet.

Families like the Rousseau's of Quebec, Rose of New Brunswick, and Kessler's (North Pole Xmas Trees) of New Hampshire have kept family traditions for almost a century. Higher content dosage is ingested in tea.

As a Christmas tree, balsam fir has several desirable properties.

The spruce grouse uses fir forests for cover and obtains food from the needles. Puerto Rico The Balsam Fir and Fraser Fir are delivered in the following regions and countries. Missouri Balsam fir is a small to medium-size evergreen tree typically 14–20 metres (46–66 ft) tall, occasionally reaching a height of 27 metres (89 ft).

Light, soft, not strong or durable, coarse-grained; used only slightly for construction lumber; is mixed with spruce wood for paper pulp; especially important as Christmas trees.

The Balsam fir tree, Abies Balsamea, is the most cold-hardy and aromatic of all firs. Abies balsamea is one of the most cold-hardy trees known, surviving at temperatures as low as −45 °C (−49 °F) (USDA Hardiness Zone 2). [12], Both varieties of the species are very popular as Christmas trees, particularly in the northeastern United States. Wood resin in the bark blisters is the source of Canada balsam used for making of microscope slides. The scientific name “balsamea” is an ancient word for the balsam tree, so named because of the many resinous blisters found in the bark. At this point the pollen tube begins to generate, and eventually the sperm and egg meet at which point fertilization occurs.[5]. Nova Scotia A variety of balsam fir, phanerolepis, occurs as far south as West Virginia and Virginia (38 degrees north latitude). Upon maturity, bark may become up to 1/2 inch thick, red-brown and broken into thin scales.

Alabama Flowers are receptive in late May to early June. 00. On older branches, the needles tend to be shorter and curved upward so as to cover the upper sides of the twigs. It seems to gladly suffer the Canadian cold but is also comfortable when planted in mid-latitude eastern North America.

Many of these plantations are family farms handed down from generation to generation. Ohio

The balsam fir is a native evergreen well-adapted to the cold climates of the northern United States and Canada. The needles are digested directly off the tree by many animals and humans. The branches are … The needles are eaten by some lepidopteran caterpillars, for example the Io moth (Automeris io). Maine Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama.

This geographical distribution is larger than for any other North American fir species. Abies balsamea or balsam fir is a North American fir, native to most of eastern and central Canada (Newfoundland west to central Alberta) and the northeastern United States (Minnesota east to Maine, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to West Virginia).[3]. [citation needed].

Also known as A. balsamea, it normally grows to a height of 60 feet and can live at sea level to 6,000 feet. A balm of balsam fir resin was used in Civil War as an external application to the injuries of combat. Karen Legasy, Shayna LaBelle-Beadman & Brenda Chambers. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42272A2968717.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "PLANTS Profile for Abies balsamea (balsam fir)", The vulnerability of balsam fir to spruce budworm attack in northwestern Ontario, with special reference to the physiological age of the tree, A recent spruce budworm outbreak in the lower St. Lawrence and Gaspé Peninsula with reference to aerial spraying operations, "RHS Plant Selector Abies balsamea Hudsonia Group 'Hudson' AGM / RHS Gardening", http://site.ebrary.com/lib/umich/reader.action?docID=10231274}, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abies_balsamea&oldid=980571470, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Balsam Firs are also the most fragrant. Maryland

Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Given its use as a traditional remedy and the relatively high ascorbic acid content of its needles, historian Jacques Mathieu has argued that the balsam fir was the "aneda" that cured scurvy during the second expedition into Canada of Jacques Cartier. If your region or country is not listed below, we invite you to contact us, we are always open to develop new business opportunities. Found in the forests of northern Minnesota and in a few scattered localities in the southeastern corner of the state; usually associated with white spruce, from which it can easily be distinguished by its large upright cones and soft leaves; thrives in cool, damp, places; very shade tolerant. Michigan The balsam fir prefers moist, cool, well-drained, acidic soil but will tolerate some salt. View Map. The techniques of shearing, growing, and other cultivation secretly passed down from grandparents to grandchildren. The tree is one of America's most popular Christmas trees.

The narrow conic crown consists of dense, dark-green leaves. It requires from 9 to 10 years in the field to produce a 6-7 foot tree. Meiosis occurs and a megaspore is produced as the first cell of the megagametophyte. The female megasporangiate is larger than the male. They have a dark-green appearance, long-lasting needles, and attractive form. Mexico Martinique

It requires from 9 to 10 years in the field to produce a 6-7 foot tree.

The leaves are flat and needle-like, 15 to 30 mm (5⁄8 to 1 1⁄8 in) long, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below, and a slightly notched tip.

For information on the state’s response, visit the Department of Health website. Dubaï

[11] This can kill the tree.

Balsam Fir Christmas Trees have several desirable properties. The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resin blisters (which tend to spray when ruptured), becoming rough and fissured or scaly on old trees. 29. Balsam fir boughs are often used for stuffing “pine pillows”, with the aromatic foliage serving as a deodorant. It does not bear cones. Balsam Fir Christmas Trees have several desirable properties. Growth is best on well-drained, sandy loam soils that are somewhat acid.

Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. Fraser firs may be fantastic trees, but Balsam fir trees are the O.G. Its symmetrical spire-like crown, shining dark green color, and spicy fragrance have made it a favorite Christmas tree for hundreds of years. North Carolina

The balsam fir can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–5. Cones upright on branches, purple, oblong; length 2" to 4"; become ripe in the autumn of the first year; cone scale wider than long; seeds have very wide wings and, when ripe, fall together with the scales of the cone, leaving the hard central axis standing upright on twig like a spike.

It is pre-lit with 1,400 color-changing LED lights featuring multiple functions that will dazzle in your home. Most propagation is by seeds, although natural layering may occur from lower branches in contact with moist soil.

Balsam firs tend to grow in cool climates, ideally with a mean annual temperature of 40 °F (4 °C), with consistent moisture at their roots. At maturity, cones are 2 to 3 1/2 inches long with bracts shorter than scales.

Prepared by Dr. Craig R. McKinley, North Carolina State University, © 2020 Kentucky Christmas Tree Farms.