In the biological evolutionary scale, the more complex the species, the longer the offspring is dependent on its mother for survival from the time of birth to maturity. In addition, some countries extended benefits and obligations to same-sex couples by means of a registered partnership or civil union, both of which terms meant different things in different contexts. It is yet another important biological function which is essential for the survival of the human beings. Consequently, within the marriage bond are to be found the greatest possible contrasts between perfect happiness on one hand, and heart-rending disillusionment and anguish on the other. From a biological standpoint the point function of bringing children into being is primary. Successful dating may result in courtship, which then usually leads to marriage. I.3.1 Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; BPSC 56th-59th Mains General Studies PAPER II Questions. When husband and wife are unquestionably true to each other, the influence of this healthy relationship not only permeates the home, providing a sense of security for each of its members, but radiates throughout the community and exerts a stabilizing influence within the entire circle of fiends. Under this category the family performs the following function: (1) Stable Satisfaction of Sex need: This is the Primary and essential function of family. “marriage is a contractual Union of a man and a woman and involve sexual privilege, economic cooperation, cohabitation, the production of children and responsibility for the children’s care, socialization and education”, “marriage is a relationship between a woman and one or more person which provides that a child born to the women under circumstances not prohibited by the rules of relationship is accorded full but birth status right common to normal members of society or social stratum”, “marriage is a relation of one or more men with one or more men which is recognised by custom or law and which involves certain rights and duties both in the case of parties entering the Union and in the case of children born into it”, Marriage is biopsychic and cultural phenomenon and it serves biopsychic and cultural functions. Perhaps its strongest function concerns procreation, the care of children and their education and socialization, and regulation of lines of descent. Human beings, at the top of the evolutionary scale, require the most time of all species to reach maturity. Until the late 20th century, marriage was rarely a matter of free choice. Marriage should also provide emotional and financial security for the children who come into a home. From the standpoint of maintaining happiness within the home, however, this function is so intimately bound up with the other functions that it cannot properly be treated independently. (See exchange marriage; group marriage; polyandry; polygamy; tree marriage. The universality of marriage within different societies and cultures is attributed to the many basic social and personal functions for which it provides structure, such as sexual gratification and regulation, division of labour between the sexes, economic production and consumption, and satisfaction of personal needs for affection, status, and companionship. In the ensuing years, numerous other countries—including Canada (2005), France (2013), the United States (2015), and Germany (2017)—followed suit. Updates? From the standpoint of maintaining happiness within the home, however, this function is so intimately bound up with the other functions that it cannot properly be treated independently.