The whole area was known by the name, Dolina Ooteschenie, meaning "valley of consolation". mehr. As early as 1898, without building a dam, the original Lower Bonnington Power Plant was generating hydroelectricity from Bonnington Falls in the Kootenay River near the confluence of the Slocan River in order to supply water to mines in Rossland, British Columbia. [55] Serving the mines and settlers, steamer companies plied the Kootenai River from Bonners Ferry, Idaho to Nelson and to the Lardeau or "Lardo" district at the north end of Kootenay Lake, and also on the upper Kootenay River between the Cranbrook-Fort Steele area and points in Montana. After trading for some horses and new supplies from a band of Ktunaxa, they made it back over the Rockies later that year through North Kootenay Pass near Lower and Upper Kananaskis Lakes, after traveling up the Elk River.

The river was described with slightly different names by two groups of the local Ktunaxa (Kootenai) Indian tribes.

However, most of the rocks have one thing in common; the rocks are generally hard and erosion-resistant. Their leader, Peter Verigin, decided to move them to British Columbia in 1909, seeking land and an improved life. The series of expeditions he would later lead through 1859 were to be known as the Palliser Expeditions, or officially, the British North American Exploring Expedition, which although involved some travel west of the Rockies, was mostly limited to the east side of the Continental Divide. Gwendoline eventually sailed back south to Jennings to haul iron ore on the Kootenay. [83] In the Canada portion of the watershed, an alpine meadow ecozone occupies most of the high ridges and valleys of the mountains. The uncontrolled discharge past the Canada-U.S. border created problems for electricity generation in the US, and Canada also wanted to utilize the Columbia river for the production of hydroelectric power. Class I represents bodies of water that are navigable and suitable for recreation. [20][21], The Kootenay River is defined by rocky uplands and steep mountains, and there is relatively little flat land in the watershed. Species almost entirely gone that were once common in the area include the white-tailed jackrabbit, pygmy short-horned lizard, band-tailed pigeon and passenger pigeon. Maschinelle √úbersetzungen anzeigen?

After more settlers began arriving, they built larger buildings that housed multiple families, instead of the small cabins then typical of the region. [120] Because of its purpose, it has no power generation facilities. [25] Glaciers covered most of the northern Kootenay River watershed and heavily shaped the peaks and valleys one sees today. Conventional coal deposits underlie much of the East Kootenay, especially in the Elk River valley which is home to the Elk Valley Coalfield,[103] and the Crowsnest Coalfield in the Purcell Mountains. [69] Verigin Jr. died in 1939 and by 1963, almost all Doukhobor lands were sold to the government. Even in relatively uninhabited regions of the watershed, logging roads criss-cross the hills and mountainsides. A gold rush on the Kootenay and later silver and galena strikes in its western basins in the late 19th century drew thousands of miners and settlers to the region, who soon were followed by the arrival of railroads and steamboats.