Mainline denomination members have the lowest birthrate among American Christian groups. In other parts of the world, the term mainline Protestant is not used. Em média, no entanto, igrejas em áreas rurais, igrejas com fiéis mais velhos e igrejas com menos os jovens envolvidos lutam mais para adicionar membros e fazer crescer igrejas. Instead, the term "ecumenical" is used to distinguish similar churches from evangelical denominations. "[110] Age demographics cannot be overlooked as a real factor in congregational decline, with the birthrate for mainline Protestants well below what is needed to maintain membership numbers. Early in the 20th century, they actively supported the Social Gospel. Christianity portal Mainline Protestant (also sometimes called mainstream[1]) are certain Protestant churches in the United States that comprised a majority of Americans from the colonial era until the early 20th century. De 1998 a 2008, houve uma queda de 22 por cento na porcentagem de adultos que frequentam congregações tradicionais que têm filhos menores de 18 anos morando em suas casas. [28] A Pew Forum statistic revealed the same share in 2014. First, modern demographers do not consider whether mainline Protestants are "WASPS" or not (the term "WASP" itself is anachronistic). [105], The term "mainline" once implied a certain numerical majority or dominant presence in mainstream society, but that is no longer the case. LiberalArtist (talk) 22:24, 4 April 2015 (UTC). [111], The Barna Group, an Evangelical surveyor, has noted, Protestant pastors who serve mainline churches serve on average half as long as Protestant pastors in non-mainline churches. Early in the 20th century, they actively supported the Social Gospel. Mainline denominations generally teach that the Bible is God's Word in function, but that it must be interpreted both through the lens of the cultures in which it was originally written, and examined using God-given reason. Jewish; Led by figures such as the Congregationalist minister Charles Chauncy, Old Lights opposed the evangelical revivalism at the heart of the Awakening, while New Lights, led by fellow Congregationalist minister Jonathan Edwards, supported the revivals and argued for the importance of having a conversion experience. In practice, mainline churches tend to be theologically moderate and influenced by higher criticism, an approach used by scholars to separate the Bible's earliest historical elements from perceived later additions and intentional distortions. Muita análise foi feita tanto por parte de dentro quanto de fora das denominações principais. - The United Methodist Church", "Mennonites Approve Dual Policy on Abortion", "Where Christian churches, other religions stand on gay marriage", "Same Sex Blessings/Homosexuality - Anglican Church of Canada", "Evangelical Lutherans back same-sex marriage", "First MC Canada-officiated same-sex marriage", "Gay marriage: mainline denominations affirm SCOTUS", "Another conference to license gay pastor", "Moravian Church Northern Province Synod approves ordination of gay and lesbian pastors «, "33 Ordained, Commissioned in "Historic" Service", "Western Jurisdiction elects openly gay United Methodist bishop - The United Methodist Church", "Goshen church votes Sunday to allow same-sex marriages", "Religious groups' policies on transgender members vary widely", "Hillary Clinton to Address AME Church Conference in Philadelphia", "MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT EVANGELISM AND CHURCH GROWTH", "Facts on Growth: 2010: If Congregations Can Change, They Can Grow", "United Methodist Church Continues to Decline in America, but Gains in Africa", "Mixed blessings in new U.S. church numbers", "THE EPISCOPALIANS: AN AMERICAN ELITE WITH ROOTS GOING BACK TO JAMESTOWN", "The Demographic Imperative in Religious Change in the United States", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, With 6.7 million members in the United States in 2018, the, The second largest mainline denomination is the, The fourth largest mainline denomination is the, Congregational Christian Churches, (not part of any national CCC body). This statistic may be inaccurate due to the number of former or historically mainline Protestants who continue to espouse mainline Protestant values without active church attendance. They were involved in the founding of leading institutes of higher education. Em 2009, quase 40 por cento dos frequentadores da igreja principal eram solteiros. [5] However, this distinction has largely been lost to history and the terms are now nearly synonymous. [99] [100] While the UMC does not nationally ordain gay or lesbian clergy, the New York Annual Conference, a regional body of the UMC, has ordained the denomination's first openly gay and lesbian clergy. [81] Mainline Christian groups are often more accepting of other beliefs and faiths, affirm the ordination of women, and have become increasingly affirming of gay ordination. [9][10][11], Mainline churches share an active approach to social issues that often leads to cooperation in organizations such as the National Council of Churches. In practice, mainline churches tend to be theologically moderate and influenced by higher criticism, an approach used by scholars to separate the Bible's earliest historical elements from perceived later additions and intentional distortions. Mainline denomination members have the lowest birthrate among American Christian groups. [24] In recent decades, Republicans slightly outnumber Democrats. Mainline Protestantism is really a category specific to the US and Canada. "[73], While no longer exclusively Christian, the Unitarian Universalist Association, with 211,000 adherents, considers itself to be mainline.[77][78]. Many older Protestant churches lived a vibrant lifetime and continue to evidence vital ministry and faith regardless of declining populations or birthrates. If not, I guess the statement "Politically and theologically, mainline Protestants are more liberal than non-mainline Protestants." [81] Nearly one-third of mainline Protestants call themselves conservative, and most local mainline congregations have a strong, active conservative element. A maioria das denominações acima também ordenam clérigos abertamente transgêneros. As evidências da Pesquisa Social Geral indicam que a fertilidade mais alta e a procriação mais precoce entre as mulheres de denominações conservadoras explica 76% da tendência observada: as denominações conservadoras cresceram por conta própria. The term 'mainline' has also been applied to Canadian Protestant churches that share common origins with their US counterparts. Mainline denominations generally teach that the Bible is God's Word in function, but that it must be interpreted both through the lens of the cultures in which it was originally written, and examined using God-given reason. From 1854 until at least 1964, Mainline Protestants and their descendants were heavily Republican. According to the Barna Group report, the failure of mainline Protestants to add substantial numbers of Hispanics is portent for the future, given both the rapid increase of the Hispanic population as well as the outflow of Hispanics from Catholicism to Protestant churches in the past decade, most of whom are selecting evangelical or Pentecostal Protestant churches. [28], In general, however, decline can be a difficult thing to statistically quantify. Nondenominational Christianity consists of churches which typically distance themselves from the confessionalism or creedalism of other Christian communities by not formally aligning with a specific Protestant denomination. Alguns fazem uma distinção entre "linha principal" e "linha antiga", com a primeira se referindo apenas a laços denominacionais e a última se referindo à linhagem, prestígio e influência da igreja. Alternatively, you can add {{nobots|deny=InternetArchiveBot}} to keep me off the page altogether. [72] However, in 2014 the Christian Century identified a group that "fit the mainline description. Some denominations with similar names and historical ties to mainline groups are not considered mainline. This increase has been driven higher by a rise in the number of divorced and widowed adherents. Instead, the term "ecumenical" is used to distinguish similar churches from evangelical denominations. [103], Most of the above denominations also ordain openly transgender clergy. [85], Many mainline denominations are active in voicing perspectives on social issues. De acordo com o Pew Research Center, as igrejas tradicionais poderiam reivindicar 14,7 por cento de todos os adultos dos EUA em comparação com 25,4 por cento que pertenciam a igrejas evangélicas em 2014. The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a worldwide mainline Protestant denomination based in the United States, and a major part of Methodism.In the 19th century, its main predecessor, the Methodist Episcopal Church, was a leader in evangelicalism.The present denomination was founded in 1968 in Dallas, Texas, by union of the Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church. N.B. Mainline churches were basically pacifistic before 1940, but under the influence of people such as Reinhold Niebuhr they supported World War II and the Cold War. Algumas congregações da Igreja dos Irmãos também votaram para realizar casamentos do mesmo sexo, embora a denominação nacional se oponha a esta prática. Por exemplo, doar e se comprometer com a necessidade e a justiça, ambos indicadores da forte fé cristã, aumentaram apesar do envelhecimento e da perda de membros da congregação. [116] These were later surpassed in size and influence by the evangelical denominations: the Baptists, Presbyterians and Methodists. In 2009, nearly 40 percent of mainline church attendees were single. O segundo fator mais importante é que menos conservadores mudam para denominações de linha principal do que antes. 12.206.224.138 01:30, 10 May 2007 (UTC), What's with all the eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches listed here? [93] Also considered mainline, the Anglican Church of Canada, [94] Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada, [95] and United Church of Canada bless or marry same-gender couples. White Evangelical Protestant; [18] Episcopalians and Presbyterians also tend to be considerably wealthier[20] and better educated than most other religious groups,[21] and they were disproportionately represented in the upper reaches of US business and law until the 1950s. While no particular candidate can be endorsed, mainline churches often invite political speakers. Thirty-eight percent thought that the Bible is God's Word but is not to be taken literally, word for word. A demografia etária não pode ser negligenciada como um fator real no declínio congregacional, com a taxa de natalidade para os protestantes tradicionais bem abaixo do que é necessário para manter o número de membros. if no one objects, i'll move the pages soon. Some denominations with similar names and historical ties to mainline groups are not considered mainline. Mainline denominations generally teach that the Bible is God's Word in function, but that it must be interpreted both through the lens of the cultures in which it was originally written, and examined using God-given reason. O Segundo Grande Despertar foi um catalisador para a reforma da sociedade. ", sfn error: no target: CITEREFPew_Research_Center2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBalmer2002 (, Irving Lewis Allen, "WASP—From Sociological Concept to Epithet,", Protestant denominations in the United States, debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the 1920s, International Council of Community Churches, National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Canada, Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, History of Protestantism in the United States, wealthiest and most affluent American families, "Survey Tracks Trends in Evangelical, Oldline Congregations", "Revisioning the Future of Oldline Protestantism", "Mainline Churches: Past, Present, Future", "Pew Research Center 2014 Religious Landscape Survey", "Why has Pentecostalism grown so dramatically in Latin America?