They were complete opposites and even though they were related, Pele and Namaka were enemies. She became a tall, portly woman, with keen black eyes and an engaging countenance, a queen in appearance when with other chiefs or chiefesses. Ils étaient généralement opposés à la monarchie traditionnelle d’Hawaï et ont constamment pressé le gouvernement de l’île d’adopter une monarchie constitutionnelle comme celle de la Grande-Bretagne et d’autres nations européennes. In 1823 a delegation of missionaries went around the island Hawaii. One member of the family has become the most visible of all the old gods and goddesses of Hawaii. If I were the king I would throw you into the sea." Her name is Pele, the goddess of fire, lightning, wind and volcanoes as well as the creator of the Hawaiian Islands. Noble the Saxon who hurled at his Idol a valorous weapon in olden England! THE story of the high chiefess Kapiolani and her conflict with Pele, the goddess of Kilauea, in December, 1824, is historic. This, according to Ellis, bore the name Oala-laua. Pele Goddess (Goddess of Fire & Volcano Goddess) Perhaps the most famous goddess in Hawaiian mythology, Pele is the goddess of fire and the volcano goddess. Mr. Richards, a missionary, later wrote as follows: "Along the way to the volcano she was accosted by multitudes and entreated not to proceed.

En tant que déesse de l'élément de feu, Pelé est également considérée comme un akua : l'incarnation sacrée d'un élément naturel. reticulatum.].

“They go all the way up to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, then to Ni‘ihau, and work their way down the chain to Hawai‘i Island,” says Kapono‘ai Molitau, a Maui chanter and kumu hula (hula teacher). A people believing that Peelè the Goddess would wallow in fiery riot and revel From those lessons, the younger person grows strong.”. When her determination was seen to be immovable, some of the priests of Pele became bitterly angry and in their rage prophesied most awful results. Dance in a fountain of flame with her devils or shake with her thunders and shatter her island, Blest be the Voice of the Teacher who calls to them, At length she yielded and with her brother became a docile member of the church.". Bien que Hawaii fasse maintenant partie des États-Unis, il n'en a pas toujours été ainsi. At last the party came to the vicinity of the volcano. 'And what,' said she, 'will be the harm?' Mr. Richards says: "A man whose duty it was to feed Pele, by throwing berries and the like into the volcano, entreated her to go no farther. “Pele is still mortal at this point,” says Kau‘i Kanaka‘ole, whose family hails from Hawai‘i Island, and whose lineage as a kumu hula is that of Pele. la déesse. Kapiolani answered, 'I shall not die by your god. The people followed their chiefess some distance with prayers and tears. When the missionaries of the American Board from Boston arrived, April 4, 1820, at Kailua Bay on the western coast of Hawaii, they landed in territory nominally controlled by Na-ihe and Kapiolani, although at that particular time the young king, Liholiho, and his court were in Kona, and were the real rulers.

A chief of low rank who had been a royal messenger under Kamehameha, and who was making the journey with the missionaries, interrupted the woman, saying: "Then it is true, you are Pele, and have destroyed the land, killed the people, and have spoiled the fishing-grounds. Of Hawa-i-ee! Elle a poursuivi Pelé à Maui, où ils se sont battus jusqu'à la mort. They were both so influential that they were chosen by the great Kamehameha, as members of his council of chiefs and were retained by his son Liholiho, or Kamehameha II. It belongs, however, to the volcanoes of the Hawaiian Islands, and is more important than any myth. Therefore she had rejected the fire-goddess with all the other deities formerly worshipped in Hawaii. Pelé est la déesse du feu, de l'éclairage et des volcans de la religion autochtone hawaïenne. Selon un conte folklorique, Pelé serait née à Tahiti, où son tempérament ardent et ses indiscrétions avec le mari de sa soeur l'ont mise dans le pétrin. In the course of their journey the missionaries met a priestess of Pele. Le capitaine James Cook fut le premier Européen à rencontrer Hawaii en 1793, ce qui permit aux commerçants, aux marchands et aux missionnaires de tirer parti des nombreuses ressources de l'île. Accompanied by several of her brothers and an egg containing her unborn baby sister, Hi‘iaka, Pele escapes in a double-hulled canoe and flees north, her older sister in hot pursuit. But it was Lord Tennyson who set down for posterity the heroic deed of the great queen in the following beautiful poem: When from the terrors of Nature a people have fashion'd and worship a Spirit of Evil

Pelé a voyagé dans les îles hawaïennes en canot. Due to her fiery temper and attempted seduction of her sister Na-maka-o-Kaha’i’s husband, her father Kane banished Pele from her home, leaving her to sail the earth. They visited the volcano Kilauea and wrote the first really good description of the crater and its activity. ", The priestess had seen printed pages or heard. Il y a des milliers d'êtres divins dans la religion hawaïenne, mais Pelé est peut-être le plus connu. Kapiolani as a little child was in the camp with her father at the time of the battle. In one version of this ancient tale, Pele falls in love with Namakaokaha‘i’s husband, igniting her sibling’s wrath. So tall a volcano is beyond Namakaokaha‘i’s reach, but one day when Pele descends to Hāna, her sister is waiting. Kapiolani was the daughter of Keawe-mau-hili, who was the high chief of the district of Hilo. Like so much else in Hawaiian lore, Pele’s story is rich with layers of meaning. Mr. Goodrich, the other missionary stationed at Hilo, was almost as badly off, but was more accustomed, [1.     Dipt to the crater, She, too, was tall and majestic in her bearing. Meanwhile, the missionaries at Hilo, a hundred and fifty miles from Kona, heard that Kapiolani had started on this strenuous undertaking. Formerly there had been a temple near the brink of the crater on the southeast side. A thousand years before western science deduced tectonic plates, and that the Pacific Plate slides over a hotspot in the Earth’s crust, leaving a string of volcanic islands in its wake, early Polynesians — a Stone Age people — comprehended the archipelago’s chronology. The battle at Kaiwiopele helped Pele lose her physical body and become a god.”, Molitau concurs, adding, “I don’t see it as [uniquely] Hawaiian. Clomb the mountain, and flung the berries and dared the Goddess, and freed the people Sometimes you have to make them happen. Then Kapiolani took her spelling-book, and a little book of a few printed hymns, and said: "You have pretended to deliver a message from your god, but we have not understood it. En fait, depuis des centaines d'années, les îles hawaïennes sont en conflit avec les forces européennes et américaines. Thro' blasted valley and flowing forest in blood-red cataracts down to the sea! Kapiolani passed the priestess, went on to the crater, met Mr. Goodrich, and was much affected by the effort he had made to aid her in her attempt to break down the worship of Pele. The man was silent and she went onward, descending several hundred feet, and there joined in a prayer to Jehovah. Une plongée profonde dans l'histoire du mouvement de l'évangile social, Timor Est Religion, une communauté catholique en Asie du Sud-Est, Activités de groupe de jeunes pour les adolescentes chrétiennes, Louis Zamperini: héros ininterrompu et athlète olympique, 7 conseils pour commencer une pratique de Reiki, L'histoire de Pelé, déesse du volcan hawaïen. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

There was the strong, brave convert to Christianity standing above the open lake of fire, the red glowing lava rolling in waves below, with rough blocks of hardened lava on every side, the locks (Pele's hair) of the fire-goddess, torn out and whirling around in the air, the timid fearful faces of the people and their attitude of terror and anxiety showing the half-hope that the tabu might be broken and the half-dread lest the evil spirit might breathe fire upon them and destroy them at once.

The influence of Kapiolani against this most influential form of idolatrous worship was felt throughout the whole nation. Baffled her priesthood, Priests of Pele were numerous on the island Hawaii. The people with Kapiolani were hushed into a terrified silence, but she listened quietly until the priestess, carried beyond her depth, read a confused mass of jumbled words, and unintelligible noises, which she called "The dialect of the ancient Pele.". Rolling her anger Consider that. Here in the large cones built up by leaping lava, the natives said, were the homes of the family of Pele.

Now I will read you a message which you can understand, for I, too, have a letter." When Kapiolani left her home in Kona her people, with great wailing, again attempted to persuade her to stay with them. That story begins in the South Pacific. Pelé est la déesse du feu, de l'éclairage et des volcans de la religion autochtone hawaïenne. The priests and worshippers of Pele honestly believed that divine.