Originally named the Second Narrows Bridge, it connects Vancouver to the North Shore of Burrard Inlet, which includes the District of North Vancouver, the City of North Vancouver, and West Vancouver. "Dualling of Narrows Bridge should be completed by end of 2000", "Media Statement: Narrows bridge duplication underway", "Media Statement: World first narrows the distance", "Media Statement: Work starts on the Narrows duplication tomorrow", "Incremental Launching Challenges on Mount Henry Bridge", "1500 take first railway trip to Mandurah", State Library of Western Australia Pictorial Collection, Western Australian Register of Heritage Places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Narrows_Bridge_(Perth)&oldid=968454537, State Register of Heritage Places in the City of South Perth, Railway bridges in Perth, Western Australia, Recipients of Engineers Australia engineering heritage markers, Use Australian English from February 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with empty coordinates parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 14:12. Further, the expansion of Lynnterm, Wheat elevators, coal and the sulphur port in the 1960s indicated the growing use of the North Shore. [9] It was hoped at this stage that the debt raised to pay for the bridge would be repaid by the Government within 12 months. [7] This quantity of traffic far outstripped the expected capacity of the bridge when it opened in 1959. 1916 Causeway planned; Canadian Northern bankrupt. [50] The first passengers traversed the Narrows on 23 December 2007 with the opening of the Mandurah Railway Line. [44] The incumbent Liberal state government proposed building a railway from Kenwick to connect to the Kwinana Freeway, running in the centre of the freeway for only part of its journey. 1910 Burrard Inlet Bridge and Tunnel Company plans floated. [18] The street lights were integrated into the safety fence. [23], The opening of the southern regions of Perth to easier CBD access changed the nature of the metropolitan area, prompting dramatic population growth south of the river. Over the following decades, the freeway system was expanded to the north and south, greatly increasing the volume of traffic using the bridge. Within the Group are three shipyards, an intermodal ferry & car float business, and a tug and barge transportation company that serves both domestic and international markets. [53] These girders were built in Kwinana, brought to the site by road and lowered into position with a crane.[48]. Made up of two road bridges and a railway bridge constructed at a part of the river known as the Narrows, located between Mill Point and Point Lewis, it connects the Mitchell and Kwinana Freeways, linking the city's northern and southern suburbs. As of 2016, the District stands as the second wealthiest city in Canada, with neighbouring West Vancouver the richest. Over the years, governments suggested various ideas to reduce the traffic using the bridge, including introducing congestion pricing similar to that used in Singapore, charging vehicles to enter the central business district during peak periods. The original railway bridge was built in 1889 and replaced by the current bridge in 1946. [34] The construction required the driving of around 250 steel piles; the first was driven on 10 August 1999. The Burrard Street Bridge is a four-lane, Art Deco style, steel truss bridge constructed in 1930–1932 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. [8] Ernie Godfrey, a bridge engineer with the Main Roads Department, travelled overseas to inspect bridges in similar geological locations and to source a designer for the proposed bridge. In the process, various other railroads all became involved in the bridging scheme: the Canadian Northern Railway, Milwaukee Road, and the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The First Narrows Bridge, better known as Lions Gate Bridge, crosses Burrard Inlet about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of the Second Narrows. Seaspan ULC provides marine-related services to the Pacific Northwest. Media in category "Second Narrows Bridge" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. [11] The units were then structurally joined by strands of high-tensile wire and stretched with a hydraulic jack. World War I intervened, as did the bankruptcy of all the interested railways. Although it has significant industry of its own, including shipping, chemical production, and film production, the city is usually considered to be a suburb of Vancouver. However, the new bridge is still commonly referred to as the Second Narrows Bridge. [11] In 1998, The road planners' most favoured solution to the traffic problem was to widen the existing bridge by building a smaller second traffic bridge just west of it and joining their decks to form a contiguous roadway. [28] The new bridge would run parallel to the original bridge and be separated from it by a gap of 6 metres (20 ft),[28] and was designed to look largely the same as the original. The term "Lions Gate" refers to the Lions, a pair of mountain peaks north of Vancouver. [4] The design contract for the bridge was won by British engineering firm Maunsell & Co.[4], Construction on the road system began in 1956,[10] and the contract for construction of the bridge was signed by Commissioner of Main Roads J. Digby Leach on 16 March 1957. The Second Narrows Bridge is a vertical lift railway bridge that crosses the Burrard Inlet and connects Vancouver with the North Shore. The duplicate bridge seen here in the foreground, with the darker road surface. [29], Main Roads called for tenders for the bridge widening in July 1998,[30] and on 7 March 1999 it was announced that the building contract had been awarded to Leighton Contractors. After being hit by a number of ships and being out of service for 4 years, in 1933 the provincial government bought the bridge and installed a lift section of the deck. [11] These pre-stressing strands were anchored in reinforced concrete blocks at the ends of the spans. Second Narrows Bridge on teräsrakenteinen rautatieristikkosilta Brittiläisessä Kolumbiassa, Kanadassa.Siinä on ylösnostettava siltajänne, minkä ansiosta korkeat laivat pystyvät alittamaan sillan. Formed during the last Ice Age, it separates the City of Vancouver and the rest of the low-lying Burrard Peninsula from the slopes of the North Shore Mountains, home to the communities of West Vancouver and the City and District of North Vancouver. A bridgetender activates cables and counterweights to raise the span. Historically, the name "Tacoma Narrows Bridge" has applied to the original bridge nicknamed "Galloping Gertie", which opened in July 1940, but collapsed … [11] Suspended between the beams of the bridge were 1 mile (1.6 km) of 30-inch (76 cm) water mains pipes and 0.5 miles (800 m) of 10.5-inch (27 cm) gas and drainage pipes. 1933: Sold to the Provincial government. It is the main city centre and central business district of the city, Metro Vancouver, and the Lower Mainland regions. The railway bridge was to be the last link in a railway network that linked Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane and was a major engineering feat at the time. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. [26] Alannah McTiernan, then the Opposition transport spokesperson, attacked the plan, saying that the government should instead build a railway to Rockingham. Repairs began. Made up of two road bridges and a railway bridge constructed at a part of the river known as the Narrows, located between Mill Point and Point Lewis, it connects the Mitchell and Kwinana Freeways, linking the city's northern and southern suburbs. [11], The unusually soft soil conditions at the site forced the use of 160 "Gambia piles" for the bridge's foundations, named after the country in which they were first used. Canada Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. [45] The Labor opposition instead wanted to build the railway across the Narrows Bridge and down most of the length of the freeway. [15] It was officially opened by Governor Charles Gairdner on 13 November 1959. [38], As it was being launched, the bridge rested on temporary piles; only after the structure was fully launched were these piles removed and the bridge allowed to rest on its permanent supports. North Vancouver ferries operated at this time as well. The history of Vancouver is one that extends back thousands of years, with its first inhabitants arriving in the area following the Last Glacial Period. [11], The deck of the bridge was formed by pre-casting individual concrete units on the southern river shore, then hoisting them into place on temporary timber staging in the river. 1963: Closed to highway traffic and sold to the CNR for $1. It is one of three bridges crossing False Creek. [4] The new Causeway bridges were opened in 1952, and by 1954 traffic using them to enter the city had doubled, renewing calls for a bridge at the Narrows. It crosses the Burrard Inlet, and connects Vancouver with North Vancouver. A proposed freeway through the downtown was rejected in the 1960s by a coalition of citizens, community leaders and planners. Peak-hour users of the freeway have become accustomed to driving into a bottle-neck every day. 1912 Land speculation on North Shore, subject to completion of bridge. [31] The negotiated contract price was reduced to $49 million owing to the construction method proposed by Leighton. This event "signalled the emergence of a new concept of the urban landscape" and has been a consistent element of the city's planning ever since. They also know that it takes only a minor bingle on the bridge to turn the freeway into a vast parking lot, inciting road rage symptoms and making thousands of people late for work. [4] The bridge is arched along its length, with a vertical curve of up to 4% grade. The essential wartime shipyards in North Vancouver underscored the need for reliable industrial access. It was constructed adjacent to the older Second Narrows Bridge, which is now exclusively a rail bridge. Construction of the northern interchange for this bridge necessitated the reclamation of a large amount of land from the river. The original road bridge was opened in 1959 and was the largest precast prestressed concrete bridge in the world. The Lions Gate Bridge, opened in 1938 and officially known as the First Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge that crosses the first narrows of Burrard Inlet and connects the City of Vancouver, British Columbia, to the North Shore municipalities of the District of North Vancouver, the City of North Vancouver, and West Vancouver. [32] The designers were Connell Wagner. As a result, in 2001, a second road bridge was opened to the west of the original bridge, and in 2005, the railway bridge was constructed in the gap between the two traffic bridges.