In 1543, Ruy López de Villalobos named the territory Las Islas Filipinas after Philip II of Spain. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. @���ș�x�g� ���j���+!��ć��_���O��n���ֿ��n��ʨZ������#W)�������'~WHSպ8�8�BV�m*銓���ʹ�+'�������v�J9o+-���Z�]e�vb�Z9��sR����*꺑�7p�n������m�ٽ0W���î���յ~�5R�ͮ�@ݎE�&ذ�M���&c�&X_���� >�B �x�kk���.��4V;ޗ��v9��q�=No--�q�ҭ��ֿ�|v����W�#�y�TMm��Ү���9�C��i��j�.|����B�nhr���U��̊���#� (N�������c9׳�I�f�ʹ�m.KQ��K={�)Ň����� ~����8�_ߥ�g�-�o�lZ>�^������0�:�Ep*�;�~����7�A����Ͻ�}ıB��Y��6`��d������O;�׸��F)[��,�B�>�8R���S߱����\=*mն�np�U]���1��^�]���ۓM�`" <> Most of the islands, with the exception of Mindanao, which remained primarily Muslim, were converted. The New Spanish Colonial Period (1521-1821)The Philippine Islands first came to the attention of Europeans when Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed there in 1521, claiming the lands for Spain. Zammora, and Fr. �1�4a�٪��2�Έ��ho��u~���9v����u��E���a67�I����xI?�@�y�f�y�Ѐz�j��QMh��~tXE����l� NÛ$C��;���WGE�q�����5@D���X�ӎ�鈦��%��a�N����3� ���. The one in 1603 was particularly nast… The beggar by the church gate or the frequented street corner, and the blind mendicant begging from house to house became familiar sights. Change ), Summary of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Summary of Spanish Colonization in the Philippines, The Life in the Philippines before the Spanish Regime, https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Many Filipinos were enraged when Friars blocked the ascent of highly trained Filipino clergy in the Catholic Church hierarchy. stream This treaty did not stop subsequent colonization.Subsequent expeditions expanded Mexican and Spanish influence in the islands. Copyright (c) 2004 CBD Finance Pty Limited. Magellan never completed the journey himself; he was killed in an encounter with natives after having claimed the Philippines for Spain. The encomenderos ruled like the feudal lords of Medieval Europe, and exploited their territories to the limit. Many young Filipinos were thus able to study in Europe.Gomburza and the Colonial ChurchAlthough many Spanish friars protested abuses by the Spanish government and military they themselves commited many indescressions and had utilized the government for their own means. During most of the Spanish colonial period, the Philippine economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated in 1565 between Manila and Acapulco , Mexico . When Mexico regained its freedom in 1821, the Spanish king ruled the Philippines through a governor general. The people practiced monogamy in general. Muslims resisted the attempts of the Spanish to conquer the archipelago and this resulted in a lot of tension and violence, which persists to the modern era.The Universidad de Santo Tomas, the oldest educational institution, was opened in 1611.The colonial period also saw the Spanish dominate the economy, focusing on tobacco, as well as the Galleon Trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico. By this system, pieces of territory, with their inhabitants and resources, were granted by the Spanish king to the colonizers as a reward for services to the Crown. By 1764 the Treaty of Paris (1763) had returned Manila to Spain.A Spanish province (1821-1896)The Spanish Government took full control of the archipelago in 1821 when Mexico declared their independence.Commerce was tightly controlled by Spanish authorities until 1837 when Manila was made an open port. One chief source of abuse, the encomienda system, was not abolished until the end of the 18th century. Taxation During the Spanish Period Presented by Sir Malit for GEC02 Taxes imposed by the Spanish Government in the Philippines Taxes imposed by the Spanish Government in the Philippines Taxes during the Spanish period was compulsory. 'Anak ni Padre Damaso'(Child of Father Damaso) has become a cliche to refer to an illegitimate child, especially that of a priest. Athena Goodlight: https://history.knoji.com/the-spanish-era-in-the-philippines/. Because of the destruction of ancient writings, in their eagerness to erase the previous cultural records of the Philippines, only the orally transmitted literature has survived. ��e. This … Codes of law governed their conduct. var sc_project=662349;var sc_partition=5;var sc_security="6f89be73"; _uacct="UA-859096-1";urchinTracker(); © Copyright 2004 - 2019 Philippines Travel Guide.com All Rights Reserved. Developments in and out of the country and the opening up of the Suez Canal in 1869, which helped cut travel time to Spain, brought new ideas to the Philippines. With the growth of the country’s population, poverty was widespread among the masses; mendicancy, unknown before the coming of the Spaniards was common. the Spanish took advantage of the already divided up people in the Philippines and easily dominated by them. The actual work of colonization began in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi concluded treaties of friendship with the native chiefs. Ferdinand Magellan was the first European recorded to have landed in the Philippines. However, his ships reached the Spice Islands. They abused, overtaxed, cheated, and practically enslaved the Filipinos. Vast lands were claimed as friar estates from landless farmers. If the Spaniards did not colonize our country, we can’t have our religion today, the Christianity. =�>�������#%~�JaZ pA��YRHdڇ���C�aY=��k�&�w�3?J�% �{�,]���"9�o�b�-���3�,!NC3�l�U�FH۪I�M�����.rh�j��7��w*� ��a���o�i��A`���Rb �N9�h|��`?e�\��ÞE��k��"*sF�g�-� ��R��n���ZQ���0�� ��գD^����������e@E[�� x��[Iw�~�=���8{.����f�� 蛓�$��N�(�a&��ZR�-�=KˉF�e�A The colonial period also saw the Spanish dominate the economy, focusing on tobacco, as well as the Galleon Trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico. But Spain’s biggest legacy to the Philippines is Roman Catholism, which the people embraced readily from the beginning. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. To avoid hostile powers, most trade between Spain and the Philippines was via the Pacific Ocean to Mexico (Manila to Acapulco) and then across the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean to Spain (Veracruz to Cádiz).From 1521 to 1781, the Philippines were administered as a colony of New Spain (Mexico). Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. The islands were part of the larger Spanish East Indies. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521. The colorful rituals and numerous holidays of the Catholic Church gave rise to many folk traditions. He arrived in March 1521 during his circumnavigation of the globe. Due to their power (the Spaniards), they became abusive to the Indios which they discriminated in their own land. When Legazpi decided to transfer his capital to Manila, Cebu receded into the backwaters as influence and power shifted north to Luzon and its wide expanse of fertile lands. The few priests who tried to defend the people were helpless, and the elaborate laws framed to protect the subjects were openly flouted. When a Filipino tribe was planning to have a revolution, the Spanish would send another group of Filipino tribes to conquer their fellow Filipinos, which results of creating a stronger sense of division. No unity, no proper government, divided tribes. The women’s position in society was high; tribal laws and customs recognized her equality with the men in many respects. The matyrdom of Fr. This prompted the rise of the illustrados, or the Filipino upper middle class. The feudal economy remained, with land concentrated in the hands of a few individuals and the Church itself. In the conflict, the progress of the nation was retarded, because the Spaniards spent much time and energy in quarreling among themselves instead of governing. ( Log Out /  Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. Juan de Placencia wrote a Spanish-to-Tagalog Christian Doctrine 1593 which transliterated from Roman characters to Tagalog Baybayin characters; since most of the population of Manila could read and write Baybayin at one time, this effort probably helped the conversion to Christianity. All the Spanish Colonies in America and the The The navigational charts of one of the ships, the Victoria, which circumnavigated the globe, were delivered to Seville in 1522. On April 27, 1565, the first permanent Spanish settlement was founded by Miguel López de Legaspi, with five Augustinian friars, and 400 armed men, on Cebu, which became the town of San Miguel.ManilaIn 1570 the native city of Manila was conquered and declared a Spanish city the following year. Manilawas made the capital of the Philippines in 1571. Those are some reasons on why the Spanish easily conquered our land. For this purpose thousands of Catholic missionaries belonging to various orders came to the Philippines. Attempts at reform by sympathetic Spanish officials were quickly put down by influential personages who had their own interests to protect. The Philippine Economy During the Spanish Colonial Period.