Although they were not trained in the techniques of naturalistic constructivism, these experts changed the landscape and ecology while simultaneously concealing their efforts, producing the illusion that the park was untouched. Continue reading......Once Stanley Park was created, city council’s first challenge was to provide access to it. Rather than relying on the advice of landscape architects, the board employed engineers and forestry scientists to enhance nature in the park. 1888 Only two years after Vancouver was incorporated as a city, Stanley Park is opened by Mayor David Oppenheimer on September 27th, 1888. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations, Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, 1888 to 1988 Stanley Park National Historic Site of Canada is a magnificent green oasis in the midst of the heavily built urban landscape of Vancouver. Then in 1946, after the Greater Vancouver Water Board replaced the Prospect Point reservoir with one at Little Mountain, the Park Board filled and covered the old reservoir transforming it into a baseball diamond. Ocean tides often rendered it inaccessible by foot, and the few people who were brave enough to make the journey did so by boat. In October 1887, Vancouver ratepayers approved a bylaw that enabled city council to raise $20,000 through debentures to build a public road around the peninsula. These include William Livingstone (Pavilion Garden, 1913), Thomas Mawson (Lost Lagoon and Causeway, 1916-26), Charles Marenga (Harding Memorial, 1923 and Promenade, 1925), Walker and McPherson (Pitch and Putt Golf Course, 1932), Percy Underwood (Stanley Park Pavilion addition 1946-50 and the Golf Course Ticket Booth, 1953-55), and Alleyne Cook (Ted and Mary Greig Rhododendron Garden, 1989). I found that the greatest landscape changes occurred after it became a public park. In 1906, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council upheld Ludgate’s lease to the island and therefore authorized the clearcutting of the forest that once stood on Deadman’s Island. (Designation Name). He blogs at http://seankheraj.com. Stanley Park was developed on a peninsula that served first as a First Nations ceremonial site, then as a British military reserve, and then finally was established as a public park in 1888. Continue reading.... Environmental history enables us to better understand the shifting meanings of nature and wilderness, complicated terms that are as much a reflection of social and cultural constructs as they are material realities. Developed by the City of Vancouver between 1913 and 1936, its early superintendent, W.S. With the help of the provincial government, the city unsuccessfully fought the federal government in court over control of this island. People have also substantially reconstructed the areas of Third Beach and Ferguson Point. Tim Cummings was the last person to live in Stanley Park. 2004. By Sean Kheraj [also see Sean’s website for a version with the Before and After plugin]. Underbrushing (clearing undergrowth) and replanting would give the road the appearance of blending into nature as though it had always existed. Stanley Park, Vancouver, British Columbia, 1926 & ca. At first glance, it might appear that the park has changed very little. Stanley Park ; Aerial view of Stanley Park. (Architect), W.S. The Board of Works, the first public body responsible for the park, managed the construction of the road. (Architect), Thomas Mawson  Aerial photography offers historians an important visual tool for analyzing landscape change. It is also the southern shore of First Narrows on Burrard Inlet. The vegetative cover, depth, and surface area of Beaver Lake have all been subject to numerous modifications. The other major transformation of the park that is evident in this image is the construction of the Lions Gate Bridge and the Stanley Park causeway connector. Comprising forested and recreational land, the park is surrounded by English Bay, First Narrows, and Burrard Inlet on three sides, and bordered on the fourth by the central business district and west-end residential neighbourhood of the City of Vancouver. On 27 September 1888, the opening of Vancouver’s landmark urban park signalled great promise for the young Pacific metropolis. (Organization), Shuswap First Nation  This is the highest elevation point in the park and it overlooks the entrance to the city’s harbour. The park has also continued to be a ceremonial site, commemorating notable people and events such as Pauline Johnson, Lord Stanley, John Drainie, the Vancouver Centennial, British Columbia lumbermen, Japanese Canadians in World War I, the Salvation Army, and the shipwrecks of the Chehalis, Beaver, and HMS Egeria, among others.Over the years, several architects and landscape architects have made specific contributions to the ambience of the park. I found that the greatest landscape changes occurred after it became a public park. (Architect), Walker and McPherson  Of course, humans are a part of the natural world; their actions shape, and are shaped by, complementary and sometimes countervailing non-human forces. Crews covered the road with a light gravel made of crushed shells, which according to an engineer’s report, “present a remarkably white appearance, added greatly to the attractiveness of the park.” Workers procured the covering from nearby middens composed mainly of clam and mussel shells, and human remains, which they uncovered during construction. The modern concept of wilderness in the United States has its origins in interwar debates about the impact of highway construction on national parks. The Park Board and City Council later evicted most of the families in 1931. The city and Park Board had previously assumed that the island was part of Stanley Park. In 1939, the military installed two six-inch guns at Ferguson Point aimed out over the entrance to Burrard Inlet and English Bay to guard against potential naval attacks.